Hazard Communication Program
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- Appendix A: Glossary
- Appendix B: Globally Harmonized System (GHS) Pictograms
This chapter covers the requirements for chemical hazard communication where Departments within the College of Arts and Sciences, as an employer, provide information to employees about the hazardous chemicals to which they are exposed. The chemical hazard communication includes labels and other forms of warning, safety data sheets (SDS), information and training.
Hazard Communication Program Manager
The department-level Hazard Communication Program Manager is responsible for the following:
- Developing this written hazard communication program; and,
- Maintaining a list of workplace hazardous chemicals and SDS for workplace hazardous chemicals.
- Obtaining and providing SDS to the Hazard Communication Manager;
- Ensuring workplace hazardous chemicals are labeled per this chapter’s requirements;
- Understanding this chapter’s requirements; and,
- Ensuring employees receive hazard communication training including the contents of this chapter.
- Informing their supervisor when workplace hazardous chemical labels are damaged or otherwise inadequate;
- Contacting their supervisor as needed for assistance interpreting SDS;
- Understanding this chapter and participating in hazard communication training.
E. General Policy
Each Department’s Hazard Communication Program Manager has overall responsibility for the program. A copy of this program and safety data sheets (SDS) associated with each department are to be readily available upon request.
Hazard Communication Standard Summary
The Hazard Communication Standard is based on the basic concept that employees have both the need and right to know the identities and hazards of the chemicals they are potentially exposed to when working. Employees also need to know what protective measures are required. This knowledge should reduce work-related injuries and illnesses caused by chemical exposure.
The Hazard Communication Standard establishes uniform requirements incorporating the Globally Harmonized System of Classifying and Labeling Chemicals (GHS) to assure that the hazards of all chemicals imported, produced, or used in U.S. workplaces are evaluated. The hazard information and associated protective measures are to be transmitted to affected employers and potentially exposed employees.
Chemical manufacturers and importers must convey the hazard information they learn from the evaluations to employers by labels on containers and SDSs. All covered employers must have a hazard communication program to convey this information to their employees through container labeling, SDSs, information and training.
Chemical Inventory List
The Hazard Communication Program Manager will maintain a list of the hazardous chemicals used by the CAS employees or known to be present in each department’s buildings update the list, as necessary. The list will be updated immediately upon receipt of any newly acquired chemical(s). The identity of each chemical on the list must match the product identifier on the container label and on the SDS. The inventory tracking list must include the following information for each chemical: the product identifier on the container label, the manufacturer name, and attached SDS file (or link to it). Optional items may include the name of the primary user of chemicals and/or the building name where chemicals are located. The unit supervisor will determine the required tracking items beyond the mandatory items listed above.
F. Container Labeling
Supervisors are to ensure all primary and secondary containers of hazardous chemicals in their area are properly labeled. Labels on containers from the manufacturer or distributor are to list the following six items:
- Product Identifier (Identity of the hazardous chemical(s) on a label or SDS);
- Signal Word (Danger or Warning);
- Hazard statements;
- Pictograms (see Appendix 2);
- Precautionary statements;
- Name, address and telephone number of the chemical manufacturer, importer, or other responsible party.
All secondary containers are to be labeled, tagged, or marked upon transfer of the product to the secondary container by the person handling the product. Information on secondary labels must include, at minimum, the product identifier and hazard information from the manufacturer’s label and/or SDS. Additional information from the six items listed above may be used as necessary to enhance hazard communication. Information not on the label must be conveyed to the employee(s) through information and training.
If manufacturer provided labels are not available for the secondary containers, all units shall utilize a label which meets the requirements of the Hazard Communication Standard for secondary containers as described in the previous paragraph. Labels utilizing the National Fire Protection Association (NFPA) or Hazardous Materials Identification System (HMIS) hazard rating system may be used (example above and to the right). It shall be noted that this style of label by itself does not meet the requirements of the Hazard Communication Standard, therefore any additional information on the chemical substance must be conveyed to the employee through information and training.
For labeling assistance see the unit supervisor or refer to WAC 296-901-14012.
G. Safety Data Sheets (SDS)
A SDS (formerly referred to as MSDS and now structured differently for compliance with the Globally Harmonized System of Classification and Labeling of Chemicals, or GHS) is any printed or written document obtained or developed by the chemical manufacturer or importer for use by the end user of the product. The SDS must follow the specific content as described in WAC 296-901-14014. The SDS must include all 16 Sections as outlined in the Hazard Communication Standard.
Chemicals Encountered in Areas Controlled by CAS Departments
For chemicals stored or used in CAS-controlled areas, the unit supervisor is responsible for obtaining and documenting the SDSs. The unit supervisor shall confirm that appropriate SDSs are present.
Chemicals Encountered in Laboratories or Shops
Routine activities (such as lab inspections or safety consultations) will require CAS employees to work among hazardous chemicals either in storage or in use. Lab personnel, specifically Principal Investigators (PIs), are responsible for obtaining SDSs for all chemicals in their respective labs. Therefore, CAS employees do not need to have immediate access to those SDSs to enter the laboratory or shop. However, those SDSs shall be readily available on request to lab personnel.
SDSs may be obtained by contacting the manufacturer or supplier, searching the internet, visiting the Environmental Health and Safety and Risk Management website (ehs.wsu.edu) or by following the procedures in the Safety Policies and Procedures Manual (SPPM 5.10).
The unit supervisor is responsible for reviewing incoming SDSs for safety, health and employee protection information and conveying any new information and training to affected employees. If there are questions or concerns, the unit supervisor shall be available for assistance.
SDSs will be documented and be available to all employees during their work shift for review. For those employees without computer access, the unit supervisor will inform employees how they may obtain SDS information and provide it to them upon request. If so requested by the employee, the supervisor is responsible for obtaining a printed copy. If SDSs are not available, immediately contact your supervisor. Refer to this Chapter’s Employee Exposure Records section for additional information.
For more information on SDSs refer to WAC 296-901-14014.
Employee Information and Training
All employees will receive training on the Hazard Communication Standard, including updated labels and SDSs affected by GHS, upon initial employment. The unit supervisor is responsible for organizing employee Hazard Communication training. Training will be conducted by a person knowledgeable and competent in the topic (the supervisor is responsible for determining the competent person for providing this training in their unit).
Prior to starting work, employees using—or potentially exposed to—hazardous chemicals, receive initial training on the Hazard Communication Standard and the safe use of those chemicals. Additional training shall be conducted when a new chemical hazard is introduced into the workplace and as needed. Training will be conducted before employees use or work in the vicinity of a hazardous chemical. Employee training is to be documented by recording the employee names, the date, and the content of the training. See APP Chapter 30, Safety and Health Training, for instructions on documenting training records.
The following training and information are provided to each employee covered by this program:
- A summary of the Hazard Communication standard and the purpose, location and availability of the written program, the list of hazardous chemicals, and associated SDSs. A summary of the standard is at the beginning of this chapter.
- Information identifying any operations in employee work area where hazardous chemicals are present.
- Information and training on reading chemical labels and reviewing SDSs to obtain appropriate hazard information. The glossary at the end of this program lists some common SDS terms.
- Information and training on the physical and health hazards and/or any other hazards of the chemicals in the work area, including the likely symptoms or effects of overexposure. The glossary at the end of this program lists some common physical and health hazard terms.
- Training on the methods and observation techniques used to determine the presence of a hazardous chemical release. Detection methods may include monitoring devices, visual appearances, or odor.
- Training on the measures the department has implemented to minimize employee exposure to hazardous chemicals. These measures may include engineering controls, specific work practices employees must follow and the use of personal protective equipment to minimize chemical exposure.
- Training on the emergency procedures to initiate in the event an employee is exposed to a hazardous chemical.
- Training on the procedures required for cleaning up chemical spills.
If an employee has been exposed to a hazardous chemical refer to the Chemical Exposure Incident Procedure section of this program for instruction.
For more information on Employee Information and Training, refer to WAC 296-901-14016.
CAS employees and students can potentially be exposed to hazardous chemicals when entering research or teaching laboratories while providing services. See APP Chapter 17 – Laboratory Safety.
CAS employees and students are to review signs posted at the entrance of laboratories for information about potential hazards and appropriate protective measures associated with individual laboratories. Some laboratories should not be entered without an escort from the respective laboratory or department (e.g., active laser laboratory). Supervisors and employees are encouraged to directly communicate with laboratory personnel for additional information about potential hazards and protective measures.
CAS employees, not specifically trained in incident response or spill clean-up, can clean-up chemical spills ONLY when ALL the following conditions are met:
- The spill is located within the employee’s normal work area.
- The chemical is known, and the spill can be cleaned-up in 15-minutes or less.
- Employees are trained to safely clean-up small chemical spills.
- Employees can wear the same personal protective equipment that they wear during normal work activities in which the chemical is handled.
- Appropriate clean-up supplies are readily accessible.
- The chemical does not have a Ceiling Limit listed in WAC 296-841 and cannot create an Immediate Danger to Life and Health (IDLH) atmosphere. IDLH information can be found in the NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards.
- Clean-up materials are disposed of per SPPM 66.
If any of the above conditions cannot be met, immediately call 911 and qualified emergency response personnel will respond to clean-up the spill.
Only specially trained EHS personnel can clean-up spills in campus buildings where these conditions are not met or where the spill involves mercury. See Chapter 29, Chemical Spill Response.
Personal Protective Equipment (PPE)
Supervisors are to perform hazard assessments for each work task to evaluate whether hazards, including chemical hazards, are present, or are likely to be present, requiring the use of engineering controls, administrative controls, and/or PPE (see SPPM 3.10) and APP Chapter 24 – Personal Protective Equipment.
Supervisors are responsible for evaluating chemical hazards, selecting suitable, properly-fitting PPE, and ensuring that students and employees are properly informed and trained on the use of selected PPE based on information from the SDSs, container labels and other resources as necessary, per SPPM 3.10 and individual laboratory Personal Protective Equipment SOPs. See APP Chapter 24 – Personal Protective Equipment. Employee PPE training shall be documented.
Faculty or project supervisors will inform employees, students and guests of hazardous chemicals used in their respective spaces and make SDSs and any required protective measures available. This notification will take place prior to the start of a project or experiment and as needed for the life of the project.
Contractors (Facilities Services, outside contractors), in the course of their work, may use hazardous chemicals in CAS employees’ vicinity. The CAS unit supervisor will request SDSs for chemicals used by contractors. Contractor SDS’s will be made available to CAS employees.
Hazardous Non-Routine Tasks
Periodically, employees may be required to perform non-routine tasks involving hazardous chemicals. Prior to starting work on any non-routine task, the supervisor or designee will conduct a PPE hazard assessment and provide affected employees with the following information and training:
- The specific hazards related to the non-routine tasks;
- Protective measures required;
- Steps the department is taking to reduce chemical hazards;
- Emergency procedures;
- How to procure, use and maintain PPE as determined by the PPE hazard assessment.
Hazardous Substances in Unlabeled Pipes and Process Equipment
Employees required to work on or near unlabeled pipes and/or process equipment will be informed of the substances in the pipes and/or process equipment (or substances that can be reasonably expected to be present), potential hazards and protective measures. If you encounter equipment or piping where you are unsure of the contents, contact your supervisor for guidance.
Chemical Exposure Incident Procedure
In the event an employee may have been overexposed (inhalation, ingestion, injection, or skin contact) to a hazardous chemical, the supervisor must complete an “Incident Report” form (see SPPM 2.24) after the necessary medical care has been provided. The following information should be included on the form: the specific chemical(s), the duration of the exposure, the type of exposure (inhalation, ingestion, injection, or skin contact), and personal protective equipment used. Environmental Health and Safety retains this form for 30 years post-employment as an employee exposure record.
Employee Exposure Records
WAC 296-800-180 defines SDSs as employee exposure records, which must be preserved for at least 30 years post-employment. The SDSs for chemicals no longer used by CAS employees or chemicals which are used but no longer produced shall be retained and maintained at the department or unit for 30 years, including MSDSs for chemicals ceased being used or produced before the June 1, 2015 transition to the SDS format compliant with WAC 296-901. Each CAS Department is responsible for updating the last known date of use to track this requirement.